Epidemiology of Urinary Schistosomiasis in School Children at Umuikwu-Anam, Anambra West LGA, Anambra State, Nigeria

Authors

  • S. N. Ukibe Department of Medical Microbiology/Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, PMB 1525, Nnewi, Anambra state, Nigeria
  • T. Ogbonna Department of Medical Microbiology/Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, PMB 1525, Nnewi, Anambra state, Nigeria
  • S. N. Ushie Department of Medical Microbiology/Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, PMB 1525, Nnewi, Anambra state, Nigeria
  • I. M. Ekejindu Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Okofia Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
  • I. N. Aghanya Department of Medical Microbiology/Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, PMB 1525, Nnewi, Anambra state, Nigeria
  • I. S. Anagor Department of Medical Microbiology/Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, PMB 1525, Nnewi, Anambra state, Nigeria
  • D. A. Ezeagwuna Department of Parasitology / Entomology, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Campus
  • I. M. Akuakolam Department of Medical Microbiology/Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, PMB 1525, Nnewi, Anambra state, Nigeria
  • K. A. Amah Department of Medical Microbiology/Parasitology, Faculty of Basic Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, PMB 1525, Nnewi, Anambra state, Nigeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4314/njpar.v45i1.1

Keywords:

Nigeria, Anambra, Umuikwu-Anam, School children, Urinary Schistosomiasis, Epidemiology

Abstract

Urinary schistosomiasis is one of the parasitic diseases of public health importance in Nigeria. This cross-sectional, prospective study was designed to evaluate the epidemiology of urinary schistosomiasis in school children at Umuikwu-Anam, Anambra West LGA, Anambra state, Nigeria. A total of 232 children aged 7-14 years (Males 127, Females 105) were recruited into the study through systematic random sampling. A structured questionnaire was administered to obtain socio-demographic data with the help of their teachers and mothers. Urine samples were collected in clean universal bottles and packaged in ice packs and were taken to the Parasitology Laboratory of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi for analysis. Haematuria was tested using Combi-9 test strips. Microscopic examination of urine sample was done for ova of S. haematobium. Circulating Cathodic Antigen (CCA) test was also employed as a diagnostic tool. The results showed that out of 232 children tested, 17 (7.3%) were positive for eggs. Out of 127 males, 12 (9.4%) were positive while 5 of the 105 females (4.8%) were positive. Children aged 13-14 years were significantly more affected than other age groups (P<0.05) Male children were significantly more affected than females (P<0.05). Children who visited the streams more often were more affected than others (P<0.05). Sixteen (16) out of 232(6.9%) children tested positive to CCA test. The
study concludes that urinary schistosomiasis was prevalent in the study area and was significantly influenced by socio-environmental factors. Further studies are suggested. 

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Published

2024-04-02

How to Cite

Ukibe, S. N., Ogbonna, T., Ushie, S. N., Ekejindu, I. M., Aghanya, I. N., Anagor, I. S., … Amah, K. A. (2024). Epidemiology of Urinary Schistosomiasis in School Children at Umuikwu-Anam, Anambra West LGA, Anambra State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 45(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.4314/njpar.v45i1.1

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