Application of the novel ESPEN schistosomiasis community Data Analysis tool to refocus Preventive Chemotherapy intervention for schistosomiasis Control and Elimination in Nigeria.

https://doi.org/10.60787/kr1p-ep98

Authors

  • O. J. Nebe Department of Public Health, Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria
  • S. M. Jacob Department of Public Health, Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria
  • N. M. Akpan Department of Public Health, Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria
  • S. Isiyaku Sightsavers Nigeria Country Office, 1 Golf course road, Kaduna, Nigeria
  • E. S. Miri The Carter Center Country Office, Jeka Kadima Street, Tudun Wada Jos, Nigeria
  • B. C. Nwobi RTI International, Abuja Nigeria; 5Health and Development Support, Jos, Nigeria
  • C. Ogoshi Health and Development Support, Jos, Nigeria
  • F. O. Olamiju Mission to Save the Helpless, Jos Nigeria
  • S. Aliyu WHO Country Office, Abuja, Nigeria
  • B. Kinvi Expanded Support Programme for Elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases (ESPEN)
  • H. Zoure Expanded Support Programme for Elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases (ESPEN),
  • J. Cano Expanded Support Programme for Elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases (ESPEN), WHO African Regional Office, Congo Brazzaville, Congo
  • P. N. Mwinzi Expanded Support Programme for Elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases (ESPEN), WHO African Regional Office, Congo Brazzaville, Congo
  • U. F. Ekpo Department of Pure and Applied Zoology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

Keywords:

Nigeria, elimination, control, data analysis tool, schistosomiasis

Abstract

The control and elimination of schistosomiasis in Nigeria with preventive chemotherapy (PC) require precise mapping of disease endemicity. We used a novel ESPEN schistosomiasis community data analysis tool developed by WHO/ESPEN to disaggregate LGA epidemiological data from 4,773 locations across Nigeria for the period 2000-2018 into ward-level endemicity data. We derived schistosomiasis endemicity for 6,188/9,684(63.9%) wards in the country. The proportion of non-endemic wards compared to the non-endemic LGAs increased from 2,533 (26.2%) to 3,320 (34.3%), and the number of endemic wards requiring PC dropped from 7,151 (73.85%) to 6,364 (65.7%). In addition, the number of persons requiring PC treatment increased from 39,652,252 to 41,196,352 individuals of which 16,478,341 (40.0%) are school-age children. The people requiring PC treatment based on new WHO treatment guidelines increased from 39,652,252 to 53,989,872 individuals, of which 18,896,462 (35.0%) are school-aged children and 35,093.410 (65.0%) are adults. These results demonstrate the usefulness of the ESPEN schistosomiasis community analysis tool for strategic planning to refocus and redirect intervention to endemic wards in need of PC towards the interruption of transmission and elimination of schistosomiasis in Nigeria.

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Published

2023-05-01

How to Cite

Nebe, O. J., Jacob, S. M., Akpan, N. M., Isiyaku, S., Miri, E. S., Nwobi, B. C., … Ekpo, U. F. (2023). Application of the novel ESPEN schistosomiasis community Data Analysis tool to refocus Preventive Chemotherapy intervention for schistosomiasis Control and Elimination in Nigeria.: https://doi.org/10.60787/kr1p-ep98. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, (1), 1–18. Retrieved from https://njpar.com.ng/index.php/home/article/view/221

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